Dating grain sacks

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Thus far there have been eight plagues, and they have become steadily, inexorably, more serious.The third and fourth, gnats and wild beasts, caused worry, not crisis.), Pharaoh had turned what should have been symbols of life (the Nile, which fed Egyptian agriculture, and midwives) into agents of death.The river that turned to blood, and the Heket-like frogs that infested the land, were not afflictions as such, but rather coded communications, as if to say to the Egyptians: reality has an ethical structure.As with the tenth plague, these were no mere miracles intended to demonstrate the power of the God of Israel, as if religion were a gladiatorial arena in which the strongest god wins. They represented the most fundamental of all ethical principles, stated in the Noahide covenant in the words “He who sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed” (Gen. This is the rule of retributive justice, measure for measure: As you do, so shall you be done to.

The worst sandstorm is usually the first of the season, in March.So we would expect the ninth plague to be very serious indeed, something that threatened, even if it did not immediately take, human life.Instead we read what seems like an anti-climax: Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand towards the sky so that darkness will spread over Egypt – darkness that can be felt.” So Moses stretched out his hand towards the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days.(Numbers 33:4)Not all the plagues were directed, in the first instance, against the Egyptians.Some were directed against things they worshipped as gods. The Nile was personified in ancient Egypt as the god Hapi and was worshipped as the source of fertility in an otherwise desert region. The inundations themselves were attributed to one of the major Egyptian deities, Osiris.

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